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Factsheets & other resources
Salinity refers to the total amount of salts present in soil or water.
In Australia salinity is dominated by sodium chloride salt (closely related to common or household salt) but most soils and water also contain salts of calcium, magnesium, potassium, carbonate, bicarbonate, sulphate, borate and nitrate.
While some salts such as fertiliser can be beneficial, too much salt of any kind is detrimental to plants and other organisms.
There is increasing recognition of soil as an important non-renewable asset that needs to be managed well and looked after. This module defines what is meant by “soil health” from a viticultural production and general agricultural perspective.
The climate, geology, soils, hydrology and environment of South Australia’s Limestone Coast.
This guide is a practical reference for vineyard managers who want to learn more about the principles of ‘best management practice’ for salinity.
Guidelines for managing soil structure in irrigated vineyards.
Knowledge of acidification is of vital importance to vineyards as the availability of nutrients is dependent upon soil pH.
Soil structure is one of the major factors affecting winegrape production and profitability.
Soil pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a soil. Each mineral nutrient responds differently to changes in soil pH, and this will influence the availability of the nutrient to vines.
Salinity is a measure of the concentration of soluble salts in the soil. Sodium chloride is the most common salt, others include bicarbonates, sulphates and carbonates of calcium, potassium and magnesium. Some salts are useful (many fertilisers are in salt form), but too much salt of any kind is detrimental to plants and other organisms.